A water management model is a generic term that includes: water resource management, stormwater management, water supply management, etc.
We can say that it is a model - nowadays usually digital - that aims to replicate the behavior of the water in the environment (urban or rural), whether water is going through pipes, catchments or else.
It will also include the management of water across the infrastructure, replicating the past and present to be able to understand the future and answer what-if questions such as:
- What if the local population increases by 20% in 20 years?
- What if there is no access to a specific source of water?
- What if a storm with a 100-year return period hits this area?
To answer these questions, users can set new parameters into the model simulating a specific scenario.